Journal for Leadership and Instruction

A SCOPE Education Services Research Publication

ISSN Number (Print) ISSN 2475-6032
ISSN Number (Online) ISSN 2475-6040

Published by:
SCOPE Education Services               Mr. George L. Duffy, Executive Director/CEO & Coordinating Publisher
100 Lawrence Avenue
Smithtown, NY 11787
Telephone: 631-360-0800     Fax: 631-360-8489      Website:

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Richard Bernato

Guidance for Authors:

Article Submissions:
The Journal for Leadership and Instruction is an international peer reviewed publication that is published twice each year. Authors should follow the APA Manual 7 guidelines. The review of related literature should be written in the past tense. No article will be accepted if it is more than 10 pages (double spaced) long.
Suggested changes are the responsibility of the author. Editors retain the right to alter submissions for clarity and space available in each issue.

How to Submit Articles:
To be considered for publication, all submissions should be double spaced, in 12 point characters and should be sent by email as a Word document to:

Publishing Staff:

Ms. Judy Coffey     
Ms. Christine Cosme      631-360-0800 x116

Six Steps to Create an Article from a Thesis or Dissertation for the Journal for Leadership and Instruction

Reprints & Photocopying:
Copying requires the express permission of the Journal for Leadership and Instruction. For permission, write to Mr. George L. Duffy: Coordinating Publisher, Journal for Leadership and Instruction, SCOPE, 100 Lawrence Avenue, Smithtown, NY 11787, or fax requests to 631-360-8489.

About SCOPE:
SCOPE Education Services is a not-for-profit, private, voluntary organization permanently chartered by the New York State Board of Regents to provide services to school districts. Founded in 1964 by school superintendents, it is a cooperative venture for sharing resources to deal with common concerns. It is governed by a Board of Directors of school superintendents and college representatives and serves as a regional School Study Council and School Board Institute.

The Editorial Board of the Journal for Leadership and Instruction has identified the
following thematic interests:

1. Early Childhood Development
2. Social and Emotional Development and Mental Health
3. School Finance
4. Culturally Responsive and Sustaining Education
5. Media Literacy
6. Equity in Student Achievement
7. School Safety
8. Diversity in the School Workforce

Editor-in-Chief:  Dr. Richard Bernato, Associate Professor, St. John’s University; Administrative and Instructional Leadership (Ret.), President/High Involvement Consultants, Chief Creative Officer/Leadership Redefined, Inc.
Dr. Kevin N. McGuire, Professor, St. John’s University, School of Education (Ret.)
Dr. Roberta A. Gerold, Superintendent of Schools, Middle Country CSD
Dr. Anthony Annunziato, Associate Professor, Administrative and Instructional Leadership, St. John’s University                                                                    Dr. Robert J. Manley, Dean, Dowling College, School of Education (Ret.)
Dr. Ronald Masera, Superintendent of Schools, Center Moriches UFSD
Dr. Elsa-Sofia Morote, Professor of Public Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Dr. Laura Seinfeld, Dean, College of Education, Information & Technology, L.I.U. Post

Dr. Warren E. Whitaker, Assistant Professor, Educational Leadership For Diverse Learning Communities

Reference Editor:
Dr. Amy Eckelmann, Adjunct Instructor, Department of Education, Molloy College
Associate Editors:
Dr. S. Marshall Perry, Ph.D., Vice Provost, Graduate Programs and Academic Innovations, Kalmanovitz School of Education, St. Mary’s College of California
Dr. Korynne Taylor-Dunlop, Coordinator & Professor of Ed.D. Program in Educational Leadership, Lynn University, FL (Ret.)
Coordinating Publisher:
Mr. George L. Duffy, Executive Director/CEO, SCOPE Education Services
Editorial Board:
Dr. Donald J. Beaudette, Associate Professor of the Practice (Ret.), Boston University
Dr. Arthur Bettencourt, Director Emeritus, New England School Development Council
Dr. Elfreda V. Blue, Vice Provost, Graduate and Undergraduate Studies, Hofstra University
Dr. David DeRuosi, Executive Director, New England School Development Council
Dr. Robert Feirsen, Chair, Education Department, NYIT
Dr. Patrick Harrigan, Superintendent of Schools, Half Hollow Hills CSD
Dr. Lorna R. Lewis, Superintendent of Schools, Malverne UFSD
Dr. Tonie McDonald, Superintendent of Schools, Levittown UFSD
Dr. Robert Moraghan, Director Emeritus, Educational Leadership Programs, Stony Brook University
Mr. Michael O’Brien, Associate Director for Instructional Services, SCOPE
Dr. Eustace G. Thompson, Co-Chair, Educational and Policy Leadership, Ed.D. Program,
Hofstra University
Dr. Edward J. Vinski, Associate Professor, St. Joseph’s College
Dr. Maureen T. Walsh, Dean Emerita, School of Education and Human Services, Molloy College
Peer Review Committee:

Lydia Begley, Ed.D., Deputy Superintendent, Nassau BOCES (Ret.)
Kelly Ann Burlison, Ed.D., Associate Professor, Ross College of Education, Lynn University, Florida
M. Terry Cash, Ph.D., Educational Consultant/Program Evaluator, Cash Educational Consulting Services, LLC
Audrey Cohan, Ed.D., Senior Dean for Research & Scholarship, Division of Education, Molloy College
Thomas P. Dolan, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Great Neck UFSD, (Ret.)
Maria G. Dove, Ed.D., Professor, School of Education and Human Services, Molloy College
Timothy T. Eagen, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Kings Park CSD
Joseph S. Famularo, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Bellmore UFSD
Patrick G. Harrigan, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Half Hollow Hills CSD
Phyllis Harrington, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Oceanside UFSD
Richard Hawkins, Ed.D., Director of Contract Programs, School of Education, St. Rose College, Albany, NY
Aurelia Henriquez, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Port Chester-Rye UFSD
Michael J. Hynes, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Port Washington UFSD
Albert Inserra, Ed.D., Dean, College of Education, Information and Technology, L.I.U. Post (Ret.)
Julie Davis Lutz, Ph.D., Chief Operating Officer, Eastern Suffolk BOCES
Craig C. Markson, Ed.D., Director, Educational Leadership Program, Stony Brook University
Barry McNamara, Ed.D., Adjunct Professor, St. John’s University
Eric Moore, Ed.D., Assistant Principal, School District of Palm Beach County, Florida
Chrystyne Olivieri, DNP, FNP-BC, CDCES/Assistant Professor of Graduate Nursing, L.I. University Brookville
S. Marshall Perry, Ph.D., Assoc. Dean and Assoc. Professor, Kalmanovitz School of Education,
St. Mary’s College of California
Jessica Scher Lisa, Psy.D., Assistant Professor, Child Study Department, St. Joseph’s College
Eric Shyman, Ed.D., Assoc. Professor of Child Study, St. Joseph’s College
Selena Isles Smith, Ed.D., Adjunct Assoc. Professor, Admin. & Instructional Leadership, St. John’s University
Jerome Vickers, Ed.D., Coach at Sports International

The Journal for Leadership and Instruction has replaced the Long Island Education Review. To view past issues of the Long Island Education Review, see below.